Bhutan is in the eastern Himalayas, between China in the north and India in the south. Its total area is about 38,394 square kilometers. It is a land locked country.
The official religion of Bhutan is Vajrayana Buddhism (Drukpa Kagyu) which is more of a way of life than religion. The Buddhist faith has played and continues to play a fundamental role in the cultural,ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its people. Every Bhutanese home has a special room (Choesum) with an altar for praying. The political system is parliamentary democracy. The present Government is run by People’s Democratic Party led by the Prime Minister, Lyonchen Tshering Tobgay.
His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck (1972-2006), the fourth King and his son the fifth King, His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (2006- till date) command the overwhelming support of their people.
Bhutan’s population consists of three main ethnic groups, the Sharchops, the Ngalops and the Lhotshampas. The current population is approximately 7,50,000 and the official language is Dzongkha. The national dress is Gho for men and Kira for women.
The capital city, Thimphu has been rapidly developing hence its dwellers enjoy the many facilities of modernization. However, the majority of Bhutanese people still live in small rural villages leading the simple lives of subsistent farmers.
The staple diet is rice,meat,poultry,dairy and vegetables. Ema-datse (chilly and cheese stew) is the most popular dish of Bhutan. The traditional Bhutanese tea is Suja (salted butter tea) and is served in all occasions. Doma (betel nut) is offered as a customary gesture of greeting.
The National flag is divided diagonally and has a white dragon (Druk) across the middle. The upper half is yellow, representing the secular power of the King and the lower half is orange, symbolizing the Buddhist religion.
National day is celebrated on December 17 which commemorates the ascension to the throne of Sir Ugyen Wangchuck, the first King of Bhutan at Punakha Dzong,December 17,1907.
The National bird is Raven which adorns the Royal Crown. National animal is Takin and the national flower is blue poppy.